coin picture Government and Private
Coin and Currency
Mints of the World

The information about the various sites are brief Mission statements, history or other facts obtained from the site. Additional history and other information is available at the various sites.

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  • Perth Mint - The Perth Mint is Australia's oldest operating Mint, established in 1899 to mint gold sovereigns for the British Empire. The Mint is owned by the Western Australian Government and is Australia's specialist precious metals mint, producing collector and investment coins for world markets. With the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra, The Perth Mint is also producing and marketing the official coins and medals of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.

  • Royal Australian Mint - His Royal Highness, The Duke of Edinburgh, officially opened the Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, on Monday 22nd February 1965. The Mint was commissioned to produce Australia's decimal coinage, which was to be introduced into circulation on 14th February 1966. The Royal Australian Mint holds a place in history as the first mint in Australia not to be a branch of the Royal Mint, London.

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  • Oesterreichische Nationalbank - Austrian euro coins have a unique design for each denomination, with a common theme for each of the three series of coins. The minor coins feature Austrian flowers, the middle coins examples of architecture from Austria's capital, Vienna, and the two major coins famous Austrians. All designs are by the hand of Josef Kaiser and also include the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint.

  • Austrian Mint - For more than 800 years the Austrian Mint and its products have exercised a profound influence upon the culture, the economy and everyday life in Austria. Consequently the Austrian Mint has gathered great experience, forming a reliable basis for our present competence.

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  • Nationale Bank van België/Banque Nationale de Belgique - Belgian euro coins feature only a single design for all eight coins: the portrait or effigy of King Albert II of the Belgians and his royal monogram. Also part of the design by Jan Alfons Keustermans are the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint

  • Royal Belgian Mint - The Royal Belgian Mint strikes all official coins, also called change. In 1969 the Mint was renamed Royal Belgian Mint, a denomination that suits the institution better given that coinage is a royal prerogative. The coins are distributed by the National Bank of Belgium. As a public institution, the Royal Belgian Mint is, in the administrative sphere, subject to the Administration of the Treasury, which makes that it comes under the Minister of Finance.

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  • Bermuda Monetary Authority - Since 1970, when it issued special proof sets to commemorate Bermuda's first decimal coins, the Authority has generated additional revenue through its successful numismatic programme. The Authority issued several commemorative coins during the 1970's and early 1980's and, since 1984, at least one commemorative or collectors coin or set, made of gold, silver or palladium, has been issued annually. Generally, the Authority issues one or two coins or coin sets each year to commemorate an anniversary or event of local significance and have a local design theme. The mintage limits of these issues are very low (sometimes as few as 200 coins). The Authority also participates in international commemorative coin programmes arranged and distributed by the British Royal Mint. In 1992, the Authority introduced its first commemorative note to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the discovery of the New World.

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  • Royal Canadian Mint / Monnaie royale canadienne - Canada's national mint, the Royal Canadian Mint, has been producing coins in Ottawa, Canada, since 1908. It can proudly say that it has enjoyed a reputation for uncompromising quality, superior craftsmanship and flawless attention to detail ever since those early days.

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  • Central Bank of Cyprus - Cypriot euro coins feature three separate designs for the three series of coins. Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004, and is a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union. It has completed the third stage of the EMU and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2008

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  • The Czech Mint - Since 1993 the company has extended its product range by minting of coins and medals. Initial coin minting included only nominal values of 10, 20 and 50 hellers. Since 1994 all nominal values of Czech coins have been minted. The mid-1994 the Mint's activity was extended by minting of commemorative coins. At present the production range is very wide: from orders for The Czech National Bank to a lot of own commercial and commissioned minting according to the client's wishes.
  • Prague Mint - Established in 2011. Minting has always belonged to very important branches of production in the Czech country. The entitlement of coin minting belonged to the sovereign, that is why the first metal coin appeared in Prague, the town of Bohemian dukes, later kings. The oldest Czech means of payment were denars, the production of which goes back to the second half of the eighth century. The mission of the current Prague mint plc. is a restoration and a further development of this thousand years old tradition of a Czech coin minted in Prague.
  • ZLATE-MINCE.CZ - We are an official partner of the Czech National Bank, National Bank of Slovakia and Prague Mint and Czech Mint. We sell coins and medals to our countrymen, who live all around the globe, wholesalers with numismatics and also coin resellers.

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The following countries have adopted the euro currency as their sole legal tender:

Austria France Italy Portugal
Belgium Germany Luxembourg Slovakia
Cyprus Greece Malta Slovenia
Estonia Ireland Netherlands Spain
Finland

Three states have signed formal agreements with the EU to use the euro, and to mint their own coins. However, although they have formally adopted the euro and mint coins, they are not considered part of the eurozone by the European Central Bank (EBC) and do not have a seat in the ECB or Euro Group:

Monaco San Marino Vatican City

Three other countries have officially adopted the euro as their sole currency, without even an agreement. These states are also not considered part of the official eurozone by the ECB:

Andorra Kosovo Montenegro

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  • Bank of Finland - Finnish euro coins feature three separate designs. Heikki Häiväoja provided the design for the 1 cent – 50 cent coins, Pertti Mäkinen provided the design for the 1 euro coin, and Raimo Heino provided the design for the 2 euro coin, which shows cloudberry, the golden berry of northern Finland. All designs feature the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint.

  • Mint of Finland LTD - Mint of Finland is the leading company in its field in Scandinavia and the Baltic region, and it is the most technologically advanced mint in the world. The operations of Mint of Finland Group are divided into production, sales, and marketing of circulation coins, commemorative coins, and coin medals, as well as operations in international markets.

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  • Banque de France - French euro coins feature three separate designs for the three series of coins. The minor series was designed by Fabienne Courtiade, the middle one by Laurent Jorio and the major two coins are by Joaquin Jimenez. All designs share the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint as well as the letters "RF" for République Française (French Republic).

  • French Mint - Monnaie de Paris has been minting coins since Charlemagne and is the first producer of the euro. The Monnaie de Paris - the French Mint - is an industrial and commercial public service, whose missions are to : make the circulating coins of the French Republic (franc and euro), combat counterfeiting of these coins, produce guarantee stamps for the State (precious metals, customs seals etc.), sell and produce coins for foreign countries within the scope of contracts with these countries and sell and produce metal art products : collector coins, art medals, official decorations, jewellery and bronzes.

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  • Deutsche Bundesbank - German euro coins have three separate designs for the three series of coins. The 1, 2 and 5 cent coins were designed by Rolf Lederbogen, the design for the 10, 20 and 50 cent coins is by the hand of Reinhard Heinsdorff and the 1 and 2 euro coins were done by Heinz Hoyer and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer. Featured in all designs are the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint.

    In addition to the year, the German coins also feature a small letter as a mint mark indicating the particular mint that minted the coin.

    A: Berlin D: Munich F: Stuttgart G: Karlsruhe J: Hamburg

    The letters were assigned to the mints as they opened. The mints in Hannover/Vienna (B), Frankfurt am Main (C), Dresden/Muldenhütte (E), and Darmstadt (H) have since been closed; the last, Muldenhütte, in 1953


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  • Bank of Greece - Greek euro coins feature a unique design for each of the eight coins. They were all designed by Georgios Stamatopoulos with the minor coins depicting Greek ships, the middle ones portraying famous Greeks and the two large denominations showing images of Greek history and mythology. All designs feature the 12 stars of the EU, the year of imprint and a tiny symbol of the Bank of Greece. Uniquely, the value of the coins is expressed on the national side in the Greek alphabet, as well as being on the common side in the Roman alphabet. The euro cent is known as the lepto in Greek.

    Greece did not enter the eurozone until 2001 and was not able to start minting coins as early as the other eleven member states, so a number of coins circulated in 2002 were not minted in Athens but in Finland (€1 and €2 – mint mark S), France (1c, 2c, 5c, 10c and 50c – mint mark F) and Spain (20c - mint mark E). The coins minted in Athens for the euro introduction in 2002 as well as all the subsequent Greek euro coins do not carry any mint mark.


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  • British Royal Mint - The Royal Mint continues as a department of government but although its primary responsibility remains the provision of the United Kingdom coinage, its reputation for the world's finest coins means that more than 100 countries have entrusted the striking of their coinage to the Royal Mint. On 1 April 1975 they were established as a Government Trading Fund, operationally very similar to a government-owned company. For many years over half the sales have gone overseas and, in recognition, the Queen's Award for Export Achievement has been awarded on four occasions. On 1 April 1997 the Royal Mint became an Executive Agency providing it with greater management freedom to develop its business further. Indeed the British Royal Mint has maintained its position as the world's leading exporting Mint.

  • Pobjoy Mint - The Pobjoy family have been associated with fine metalwork since the Middle Ages. The Company was recently granted a Coat of Arms in which the Medieval Popinjay is the central motif. The Popinjay was a painted wooden parrot used in archery contests in the 14th century and the name Pobjoy is derived from this. The Latin motto "OCULO CERTO" means "with an unerring eye" and applied equally to the ancestor's prowess as a marksman, as to the Company's reputation for the high quality and precision of its products. Over the past three centuries, the Company has been involved in many diverse fields, but they have always been involved in metal, both base and precious. They are now the largest private mint in Europe.

  • Bigbury Mint, Ermington, Nr. Plymouth - The Bigbury Mint is a family business started in 1980 by David and Eileen Holland in their garden workshop at Bigbury in South Devon. In the 20 years since then the Bigbury Mint has gained an enviable national and international reputation for designing and producing medals to an outstanding quality. You can expect personal service and guaranteed satisfaction. Apart from our range of products, the Bigbury Mint offers a complete medal making service for those organizations who would like a tailor made medal to commemorate an event, as an award or to provide an incentive or business promotion.

    DESIGNS - You may already have designs for your medal (there are two sides of course) but if not, we have a talented team who can help you develop them. After every stage we make sure that you are happy with the result before continuing. Our medals are usually struck from solid bronze or silver and finished by patinating (ageing), polishing and finally, given a wipe with a lightly oiled cloth to resist tarnish. Keep them away from damp and your medals will darken a little with age and handling and should acquire a deep rich finish.


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  • Israel Government Coins and Medals Corporation - The Corporation was established in 1961 by the Israel Government and has been under its full ownership ever since. The main objectives of the Corporation are to commemorate historical and national events, scientific and cultural projects, and other notable achievements of the State of Israel, to pay tribute to important personalities in the history of the State, and to give artistic expression to major occasions in the life of the individual and the family within the framework of Judaism. This is achieved through the distribution of coins and medals to the public both in Israel and in other countries throughout the world.

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  • Banca d'Italia - Italian euro coins have a design unique to each denomination, though there is a common theme of famous Italian works of art from one of Italy's renowned artists. Each coin is designed by a different designer, from the 1 cent to the 2 euro coin they are: Eugenio Driutti, Luciana De Simoni, Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini, Claudia Momoni, Maria Angela Cassol, Roberto Mauri, Laura Cretara and Maria Carmela Colaneri. All designs feature the 12 stars of the EU, the year of imprint, the overlapping letters "RI" for Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic) and the letter R for Rome. There are no Italian euro coins dated earlier than 2002, even though they were certainly minted earlier, as they were first distributed to the public in December 2001.

    The choice of the design of the coins was left to the Italian public by means of a television broadcast where alternative designs were presented, letting the people vote by calling a certain telephone number. However, the 1 euro coin was missing in this election, because Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, the then Economy minister, had already decided it would sport the Vitruvian man of Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo's work is highly symbolical as it represents the Renaissance focus on man as the measure of all things, and has simultaneously a round shape that fits the coin perfectly. As Ciampi observed, this represents the "coin to the service of Man", instead of Man to the service of money.


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  • Japanese Mint - The Mint Bureau was established at Osaka by the Meiji government in order to modernize the coinage system. The inaugural ceremony was held on April 4th,1871 and minting was commenced with Western style facilities that were epochmaking in Japan in those days. From then on, with change of the times, the Mint expanded to include, in addition to the main operation of coinage, the production of orders (decorations), medals of honor and metallic art objects; the analysis and testing of metal ores and minerals ; the fineness certification of precious metal wares (hallmarking); etc.

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  • Banque centrale du Luxembourg - Luxembourgish euro coins feature three different designs, though they all contain the portrait or effigy of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. The designs, by Yvette Gastauer-Claire, also contain the 12 stars of the EU flag, the year of imprint and the name of the country in the Luxembourgish language: Lëtzebuerg. Luxembourg does not mint its own coins. Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint), in Utrecht, Netherlands produced Luxembourgish coins dated 2002–2004. Rahapaja Oy (Mint of Finland), in Helsinki, Finland produced the coins dated 2005–2006. Monnaie de Paris (Mint of Paris), in Pessac, France produced coins dated 2007 onward.

    The Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg appears on the coins facing to the left. He was not featured on the Luxembourgish franc as he only became Grand Duke in 2000 following the abdication of his father, Jean. Jean's portrait on the francs showed him facing to the right and it is common in a number of countries for successive monarchs to alternate the direction they faced on coins. Other euro coins issued by member states which are monarchies show their monarchs facing to the left, in common with the effigy on their legacy currencies.


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  • Central Bank of Malta - Maltese euro coins feature three separate designs for the three series of coins. Malta has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004, and is a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union. Malta adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2008. For a period of one month until 31 January, there was a dual circulation for Malta where the Euro and Maltese lira were used alongside each other.

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  • The Mint of Mexico - The Mint of Mexico ("La Casa de Moneda de México") ,was the first in America, established by "Cédula Real (Royal Decree)" in 1535, has served the country without interruptions, reaching a quality recognition world wide level. The institution counts with advanced technology for the manufacturing of: blanks, current mold coins and commemorative medals in fine and industrial metals. Since its foundation, the Mexican Mint has produced pieces that, in recognition to its quality, went beyond frontiers while it was being used as means of trade in the XVII, XVIII and XIX century, in various parts of the world. Since then, our presence as legal coin manufacturers, has been active and permanent.

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  • De Nederlandsche Bank - Dutch euro coins have two designs by Bruno Ninaber van Eyben, both of which feature a portrait or effigy of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands. All coins share the 12 stars of the EU and the year of imprint in their design.
    As in Finland, most of the Dutch shops have decided not to issue one and two cent coins starting from September 1, 2004. The coins remain legal tender, but are no longer issued in most of the shops. Sums are rounded to the nearest €0.05; hence sums ending in €0.01, €0.02, €0.06 or €0.07 are rounded down, and those ending in €0.03, €0.04, €0.08 or €0.09 are rounded up. The rounding is applied to the grand total only, while individual prices are still shown and summed up with €0.01 precision. This method is known as "Swedish rounding".

  • Royal Dutch Mint - The Royal Dutch Mint as the successor to The Dutch Mint is probably Holland's oldest existing business. The first coins were minted in Utrecht about a thousand years ago. The present mint has been in operation uninterruptedly until now since 1567. From way back the Royal Dutch Mint took its name from the production of coins to be used in the transfer of money in the Netherlands. This is still an important business activity, although new markets, at home and abroad, incited by privatisation, needed to be tapped. Many new products and services are developed for these markets.

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  • Reserve Bank of New Zealand - At the most basic level, the Reserve Bank has the duty of ensuring that people can buy and sell goods and services using money, instead of having to barter. Part of this involves providing currency. Cash is physically issued to the public by banks, but they in turn buy their cash from the Reserve Bank. In addition, banks hold accounts with the Reserve Bank that they use to make payments to each other, on behalf of their customers. For that reason the Reserve Bank is often called "the banks' bank".

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  • Central Bank of Norway - Norges Bank is a separate legal entity and is owned by the state. The Bank's activities are regulated by Act no.28 of 24 May 1985 relating to Norges Bank and the Monetary System (Norges Bank Act). Norges Bank was established in 1816, two years after the union with Denmark was dissolved, with its head office in Trondheim and regional branches in Oslo, Bergen and Kristiansand. On 1 January 1897 the head office was moved to Oslo.

  • Norwegian Mint - The Royal Norwegian Mint (Den Kongelige Mynt) was founded in 1686 as part of the Kongsberg Silverworks to convert the silver extracted from the mines into coins. Before being taken over by Norges Bank (the Central Bank of Norway) in 1962, the Mint had been administered by several different bodies, including the central authorities in Copenhagen and the Ministry of Finance. However, the connection with the Silverworks remained intact until the silver mines were closed down in 1957. The traditional mining symbol - a crossed pick and hammer - is still stamped on all Norwegian coins.

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  • Banco de Portugal - Portuguese euro coins show three different designs for each of the three series of coins. However, they are quite similar in that all contain old Portuguese royal mints and seals within a circle of seven castles and five escutcheona with silver bezants (all similar to what can be seen in the Coat of arms and Flag of Portugal) and the word "Portugal". Also featured in the designs, all done by Victor Manuel Fernandes dos Santos, are the 12 stars of the EU and the year of minting.

  • Portuguese Mint - The whole production is the exclusive responsibility of the INCM by law. The coins that we use every day are produced by the most modern methods and techniques. The INCM is also responsible for the quality control of these products, which are sometimes inspired in historico-cultural themes.

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  • Welcome to The Singapore Mint - Striking out on one's own is the beginning of the history of modern Singapore. When its fate was decided on 9th August 1965, the island republic had to carve a niche for itself. There was so much to do. One of the first few steps taken was by having a currency system of its own. Singapore then had been using a common currency issued by Board of Commissioners of Currency, Malaya and British Borneo since 1953. In 1967, Board of Commissioners of Currency, Singapore (BCCS) was established by the Currency Act of 1967. The Act confers on BCCS the sole right to issue currency notes and coins in Singapore. This is followed by the issue of the first series of circulation coins with various designs representing a dramatic break with previous currency which borne the effigy of the reigning British monarch.The coins were also different in terms of the material used, shapes, sizes and denominations.

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  • Národná banka Slovenska - Slovak euro coins feature three separate designs for the three series of coins. Slovakia has been a member of the European Union since May 2004, and is a member of the European Economic and Monetary Union. Slovakia adopted the euro on 1 January 2009, replacing its previous currency, the Slovak koruna

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  • Banka Slovenije - Slovenian euro coins were first issued for circulation on 1 January 2007 and feature a unique design for each coin. They were the first to feature a new common side, with a new map of Europe on the bicoloured and Nordic-gold coins. In such a short time they already built a small collection of collectors coins, with face value ranging from 3 to 100 euro. Although they are all legal tender in Slovenia, these coins are not really intended to be used as means of payment, so generally they do not circulate.

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  • South African Mint Company (Pty) Ltd - The first operational Mint on South African soil was established in 1892 by the National Bank, to whom a presidential concession to issue coins was granted. From its humble beginning the company has developed into one of the most modern and progressive producers of circulation coins, numismatic products and medallions in the world. Through the innovative integration of modern technology and sound business practices, the South African Mint has distinguished itself as a stable and progressive organization.

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  • Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation - The Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation was founded on October 1, 1951. Headquartered in Pusan, the southernmost port city of the peninsula and temporary capital with some printing facilities and 275 staff members.

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  • Spanish Mint - The Fàbrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre was formed on August 29th, 1893 by merging the Casa de la Moneda and the Stamp Factory into a single company. In 1988 its legal status changed to become a State Company although legally remaining under the rules of Private Law. In its operative framework, the F.N.M.T. is governed under the supervision of the Minister of Finance and on his behalf the Deputy Secretary of the Ministry, its managerial body being composed of a Board of Directors in which some of the most important institutions linked with the Mintęs activities are represented, as follows: National Treasury, Bank of Spain, National Agency for State Draws and Gaming, National Mail and Telegraph Agency, National Tobacco Corporation, etc. The Board of Directors is chaired by the President and Chief Executive Officer of the F.N.M.T

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  • Royal Thai Mint - The year 1860, saw the completion for the construction of the Royal Thai Mint, built inside the Grand Palace, Bangkok, under the Royal Decree of H.M.King Mongkut (Rama IV). First series of coinage of unified design and quality was struck at this mint in addition to The silver bullet coins being produced at that time. In 1901, H.M. King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) ordered a new mint to be built near the Grand Palace to accommodate the expanding operations. This site has now been declared a historical monument by the Fine Arts Department. This mint was able to produce 40 million coins per year plus other related products. By Royal Decree of H.M. King Prajadipok (Rama VII) the activity of the Royal Thai Mint was greatly reduced in 1930, partially due to the world depression at that time and partially due to the introduction of coins minted abroad. The Royal Thai Mint was reestablished in 1933, by Royal Decree, to be under the Crown Property Bureau. This Royal Thai Mint was later tranferred to be under the Treasury Department of the Ministry of Finance. Construction of the present Mint began in 1968 and in 1972 the building of the Royal Thai Mint was completed, officially opened on August 25, 1972.

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  • Bureau of Engraving and Printing - Welcome to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing's (BEP) web site. We are the largest producers of security documents in the United States. The BEP produces over 9 billion Federal Reserve notes each year (coins are produced by the United States Mint). These notes are produced at our facilities in Washington, D.C. and Ft. Worth, Texas. In addition, we produce over 20 billion postage stamps. We have been the largest suppler of postage stamps to the U.S. Postal Service for over 100 years. We also produce miscellaneous security documents for other government agencies.

  • United States Mint - The primary mission of the U.S. Mint is to produce an adequate volume of circulating coinage for the Nation to conduct its trade and commerce. The other major responsibilities of the Mint include: The annual production of 14-20 billion circulating coins. Distributing U.S. coins to the Federal Reserve banks and branches. Maintaining physical custody and protection of the Nation's $100 billion of U.S. gold and silver assets. Producing proof and uncirculated coins, commemorative coins, and medals for sale to the general public. Manufacturing and selling platinum, gold, and silver bullion coins. Oversight of production facilities in Denver, Philadelphia, San Francisco and West Point, N.Y., and the U.S. Bullion Depository at Ft. Knox, Kentucky. Receiving, redeeming, and processing mutilated coins.

Vatican City
State
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  • The Philatelic and Numismatic Office - Vatican City issues its own coins. It has used the euro as its currency since 1 January 1999, owing to a special agreement with the European Union. Euro coins and notes were introduced in 1 January 2002, the Vatican does not issue euro banknotes. Issuance of euro-denominated coins is strictly limited by treaty, though somewhat more than usual is allowed in a year in which there is a change in the papacy. Because of their rarity, Vatican euro coins are highly sought by collectors. Until the adoption of the Euro, Vatican coinage and stamps were denominated in their own Vatican lira currency, which was on par with the Italian lira.
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